Neurogenic tremors for sports improvement
The knowledge, concept and principles behind neurogenic tremors grew from the fields of research on body tremors. Body tremor research has a long history in sports science. The research of muscle tremors first began in the field of study known as vibrational therapy. The first serious application of vibrational therapy on humans was utilized by Russian scientist Vladimir Nazarov in the 1970s, on gymnasts in training for Olympic gold (Issurin & Tenenbaum, 1999). Since then, numerous studies have demonstrated that low-amplitude and low-frequency mechanical stimulation of the neuromuscular system has positive effects on athletic performance (Cardinale & Bosco, 2003; Torvinen et al., 2002; Bosco et al., 1999). For many years it was primarily used by elite athletes to help increase the strength and coordination of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems and to increase the rate at which athletic injuries heal (Bosco et al., 1999).
Over time vibrational therapy has developed as a serious field of research known as Biomechanical Stimulation ([BMS], Bosco et al., 1999). It is being used in physical therapy and rehabilitation programs to correct restricted body mobility, range of motion, the coordination of musculoskeletal and nervous systems and to increase the rate of healing injuries (Bosco, Cardinale, & Tsarpela, 1999; Bosco et el., 2000). BMS research has demonstrated that exposure to vibration frequencies between 20-50Hz increases bone density in animals. It is also helpful in providing pain relief and the healing of tendons and muscles (Muggenthaler, 2001). Vibrational stimulation between 50-150 Hz has been found to relieve suffering in 82% of persons suffering from acute and chronic pain (Feldman, 2004). Speculation in the field of BMS research suggests that tremors in humans associated with certain diseases may not be a symptom so much as the body’s attempt to detoxify itself through increased metabolism and lymphatic circulation which is produced by the body’s self-induced tremors (Feldman, 2004).
Here is another example of the various types of tremors and movement that can be evoked organically by performing TRE. This individual is a sports enthusiast and has had some injuries as a result of intense sports activities. The bodies of the individuals in this video move very systematically through the process of releasing the deep tension patterns created as a result of intense training and competition.
Bosco, C., Cardinale, M., & Tsarpela, O. (1999). The influence of vibration on arm flexors mechanical power and EMG activity of biceps brachii. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 79, 306-311.
Bosco, C., Colli, E., Introini, M., Cardinale, O., Tsarpela, A., Madella, J., Tihanyi, S., von Duvillard, A., & Viru, I. (1999). Adaptive responses of human skeletal muscle to vibration exposure. Clinical Physiology, 19, 183-187.
Bosco, C., Iacovelli, O., Tsarpela, M., Cardinale, M., Bonifazi, J., Tihanyi, M., Viru, A., & De Lorenzo, O. (2000). Hormonal responses to whole body vibrations in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 81, 449-454.
Cardinale, M., & Bosco, C. (2003). The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. The American College of Sports Medicine, 31(1), 3-7.
Issurin, V., & Tenenbaum, G. (1999). Acute and residual effects of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes. Journal of Sports Science, 17: 177-182.
Torvinen, S., Kannus, H., Sievanen, T., Jarvinen, M., Pasanen, S., Kontulainen, T., Jarvinen, M., Jarvinen, P., Oja, I., & Vuori, I. (2002). Effect of a vibration exposure on muscular performance and body balance. Randomized cross-over study. Clinical Physiology and Functional Improvement. 22, 145-152.